Situated in the heart of the Ardennes Forest, the ferocious Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps is one of Formula One’s legendary tracks. The longest circuit on the calendar, with its own micro-climate and massive elevation changes, means the Belgian Grand Prix is always unpredictable.
|FIRST F1 RACE||1950|
|TRACK LENGTH||4.352 miles|
|NUMBER OF LAPS||44|
|NUMBER OF TURNS||19|
|MOST POLES||Juan Manuel Fangio, Ayrton Senna, Lewis Hamilton (4)|
|MOST WINS||Michael Schumacher (6)|
A SHORT HISTORY OF THE CIRCUIT DE SPA-FRANCORCHAMPS
Spa-Francorchamps is one of the original racing circuits, as racing moved from city to city races to racing around circuits. The original nine mile circuit linked the towns of Malmedy, Stavelot and Francorchamps in a triangular shaped course. The track, which incorporated public roads, was designed in 1920 by Jules de Thier and Henri Langlois Van Ophem and held its first race soon after. For the first years of its existence, the track held only motorcycle races, until – following the success of the 24 Hours of Le Mans race – Spa held its own day long race for cars.
The first Belgian Grand Prix was held in 1925, and was won by Antonio Ascari, the father of future Formula One World Champion Alberto Ascari. Further Grands Prix were held here from 1930 onwards, with the iconic Radillion and Eau Rouge corners being added to the track in 1939. The 1939 race itself was held in treacherous conditions, and led to the death of Richard Seamen, who crashed out from the lead. The 1939 event was the last held before the onslaught of World War II. The area around the circuit played a role in the war. The Battle of the Bulge, which was the last major German offensive campaign on the Western Front, took place in the Ardennes forest. The battle saw over 20,000 deaths, including around 3,000 cilvilians.
Racing returned to Spa in 1947 on a slightly alternated track, which saw the average speed increase. The track held a round of the inaugural F1 World Championship in 1950, and hosted the Belgian Grand Prix annually each year until 1957, when the Suez Crisis and the increased price of fuel led to a lack of funds for the race to be held. For 1958, the race returned with a resurfaced track and some new facilities – though the dangerous nature of the circuit was noted by drivers and fans alike. After a year off in 1959, the Belgian Grand Prix returned once again in 1960, but it was to be one of the darkest weekends in Formula One’s history. Stirling Moss suffered one of the worst crashes of his career during practice, which would put him out of action for much of the rest of the year. Mike Taylor then suffered a career-ending accident, as he crashed into the trees. Two drivers suffered fatal accidents during the Grand Prix itself – Chris Bristow, whose lack of experience saw him crash into an embankment and suffer fatal injuries and Alan Stacey, who was hit in the face by a bird in the same area of track just five laps later. The incident caused him to lose control of his car, and he crashed into a field 25 feet lower than the track. The Grand Prix continued despite the incidents and Jack Brabham eventually took the win.
No change was made to the track following the crashes, with the race continuing without serious injuries for the next years. Jim Clark won the race four years in a row between 1962 and 1965, despite being terrified of the track after witnessing the aftermath of Bristow’s accident. Some safety barriers were added in 1963, but this did little to appease the drivers. Jackie Stewart’s crash in the 1966 Belgian Grand Prix saw the start of a drivers revolt for more safety. Stewart suffered a huge accident at the Masta Kink – one of the legendary sections of the old track. The Scottish driver survived the impact of travelling through a hut and hitting a telegraph pole, but was trapped in his fuel soaked car for over half an hour. His situation was helped only by two fellow drivers who had to take spanners from spectators in order to help him escape his precarious predicament. The following year, still with no changes to the track’s safety, Mike Parkes had a career-ending crash which left him in a coma for a week. In 1968, Bruce McLaren took the first ever victory for McLaren but there was further trouble. Brian Redman crashed into a stationary car, which caused him serious injuries.
By 1969, the drivers had finally had enough. Jackie Stewart visited the track and campaigned for better safety ahead of that year’s event, but the organisers were not willing to pay for the work to be carried out. The race was cancelled due to this. For one final time in 1970, F1 took to the full 14km track, with added barriers and a chicane designed to slow the cars down. The situation was untenable though, and the cars had simply become too fast for the track. The Belgian Grand Prix relocated to Nivelles and Zolder, with the latter hosting the majority of Belgian Grands Prix in the 1970s.
Formula One eventually returned to Spa in 1983. The track had undergone a major overhaul, which saw the length of the course shorted to 4.3 miles. The circuit had better internal access in case of emergencies, and also kept some of the iconic corners from the old layout. The first race was a success, and the track was well received by drivers and fans. After one last visit to Zolder in 1984, Spa-Francorchamps became the permanent home of the Belgian Grand Prix in 1985.
The 1985 event wasn’t without controversy, though, as the newly laid track surface began to break up after Second Practice, leading to the abandonment of the rest of the race weekend. The Grand Prix was eventually re-scheduled for three months later. Ayrton Senna won four races in a row at Spa between 1988 and 1991. Following Senna’s fatal accident at the Imola track in 1994, and also as a result of Alex Zanardi’s huge accident here in 1993, a chicane was added at the bottom of the Eau Rouge complex. The chicane was then removed ahead of the 1995 race. The racing continued at Spa with some memorable and highly dramatic moments in the late nineties. Up until 2000, parts of the circuit remained public roads, though the circuit is now a fully permanent facility.
As a result of tobacco advertising being banned in F1 due to European law, the 2003 race was left off the calendar, but the sport soon returned to Belgium in 2004. The track had changed slightly, with the bus stop chicane toward the end of the track being revised. In 2006, renovation work led to the race being taken off the final calendar, as it wouldn’t be ready in time due to the event organisers going bankrupt. The race returned in 2007, with thanks to funding from the Wallonia government, and hasn’t been off the calendar since. For 2007, there was a new pit-lane and paddock complex with the final turn and the first hairpin being moved slightly to allow extra room for the new facilities.
It was announced in June 2018 that the circuit would remain the host of the Belgian Grand Prix until at least 2021.
🇧🇪 DID YOU KNOW?
- It takes around 22 seconds to drive through the pits here.
- There is an 80% chance of a Safety Car during the Belgian Grand Prix. The 1997 Belgian Grand Prix was the first time that a Formula One race began under a safety car.
- 214mph is the highest speed achieved here, on the run to Turn Five.
- Michael Schumacher, who made his F1 début at Spa, has the most number of wins here with six.
- 60% of the lap is spent on full throttle.
- Although the track is named ‘Spa-Francorchamps’, the track is not actually situated in Spa but rather in the vicinity of Francorchamps. The entire track is situated within the municipality of Stavelot – which is, of course, the name of Turn 15.
- In the race, the drivers will perform 2112 gear changes each. There are 49 gear changes around a lap of Spa.
- The average speed of a lap of Spa is 146mph – one of the fastest on the calendar.
- The run to the La Source hairpin, the first corner, from the grid is the shortest of the season, hence why there’s usually first corner contact.
- The track is the longest of the season, but has the lowest capacity, with 70,000 spectators able to attend on race day.
- Spa is known for its unpredictability. At one point there was a string of 20 Belgian Grands Prix which were affected by rain.
🇧🇪 WHY WE LOVE SPA
POLESITTERS AT SPA FRANCORCHAMPS
|4||Juan Manuel Fangio|
|2||Juan Pablo Montoya|
GRAND PRIX WINNERS AT SPA FRANCORCHAMPS
|1950||Juan Manuel Fangio||Alfa Romeo|
|1951||Giuseppe Farina||Alfa Romeo|
|1954||Juan Manuel Fangio||Maserati|
|1955||Juan Manuel Fangio||Mercedes|
|2011||Sebastian Vettel||Red Bull-Renault|
|2013||Sebastian Vettel||Red Bull-Renault|
|2014||Daniel Ricciardo||Red Bull-Renault|