F1 broke into the Chinese market in 2004 with its first race at the Shanghai International Circuit. The winding track, with incredible architecture, was an immediate hit with fans and drivers.
|FIRST F1 RACE||2004|
|TRACK LENGTH||3.390 miles|
|NUMBER OF LAPS||56|
|NUMBER OF TURNS||16|
|MOST POLES||Lewis Hamilton (6)|
|MOST WINS||Lewis Hamilton (6)|
A SHORT HISTORY OF THE SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL CIRCUIT
The first vision for a Chinese Grand Prix came in the 1990s, when planning had taken place for a circuit to be built to host F1 in the south of China. The result of this was the Zuhai International Circuit, which gained a place on the 1999 calendar. However, the event never happened as the track failed to meet the FIA’s standards. Undeterred, another circuit was commissioned to be built near Shanghai. Three years after their failed attempt, a deal was announced for the yet to be built Shanghai International Circuit to host a Grand Prix for seven years from 2004.
The Shanghai International Circuit is located twenty miles north of the centre of China’s largest city – Shanghai. It is situated on the banks of the Yangtze River Delta in East China. The track was designed by Hermann Tilke and resembles the Chinese character shang, meaning ‘ascend’. The team buildings resemble the ancient Yuyan-Garden in Shanghai. Shanghai was a modern futuristic track when it first arrived on the calendar, raising standards for any future tracks. Perhaps the most visually striking part of the circuit is the grandstand on the main straight, which gives a view of up to 80% of the track. It is constructed of aluminium glass and steel, and also houses the media centre along with a restaurant.
The track cost £132 million to build, which was a record cost at the time. Planning took place between April and May 2003 and the swampland was transformed into a state of the art racing circuit by 3,000 engineers over an 18 month period. The winding track is one of Tilke’s better designs, and is certain to challenge both the cars and the drivers. The first race here took place in September 2004 and was won by Rubens Barrichello. In recent years, because of the ground the track is built on, some turns- namely 1, 8 and 14- have sunk. There was a full inspection of the issue before the Grand Prix in 2011 and work was carried out to solve the issue.
The Grand Prix’s popularity has been in decline in recent years. 260,000 spectators attended the first race here in 2004 – by 2010 that figure was just 155,000.
The Shanghai International Circuit holds a contract to host a Grand Prix until 2020.
🇨🇳 2018 RACE RECAP
Despite early weekend troubles, Daniel Ricciardo took his first victory of the year while team-mate Max Verstappen made headlines for the wrong reasons.
Daniel Ricciardo’s participation in qualifying looked unlikely but, thanks to a quick engine change by the Red Bull mechanics, the Australian was able to line up sixth on the grid. Sebastian Vettel took his second pole position of the season, while both Mercedes started from the second row. Valtteri Bottas made his way by Kimi Raikkonen at the first corner, and would go on to make his way by Vettel as a result of getting the undercut at the first round of pit stops. A miscommunication saw the Toro Rossos collide at the hairpin, with debris on the track leading to a Safety Car period. The timing of the Safety Car allowed both Red Bull drivers to head into the pits, while Mercedes and Ferrari stayed out. Verstappen lost a position to Ricciardo as a result of being too optimistic with a move on Lewis Hamilton, then tangled with Vettel at the hairpin damaging both of their prospects for the afternoon. Meanwhile, Ricciardo cleanly scythed through the field, with a masterful move on race leader Bottas powering him to victory. Vettel finished down in eighth, while Verstappen picked up a ten second penalty for his antics.
ARTICLE CONTINUES BELOW
🇨🇳 DID YOU KNOW?
- Red Bull took their maiden victory here in 2009, while Nico Rosberg won his first Grand Prix here in 2012.
- Michael Schumacher took his 91st and final career win here in 2006.
- The Chinese Grand Prix has had four different title sponsors over its years hosting Grands Prix – Sinopec, UBS, Pirelli and, for 2017, Heineken.
- The Chinese Grand Prix is a 56-lap race. However the 2014 edition was classified at 54 laps, after the clerk of the course mistakenly waved the chequered flag to Lewis Hamilton at the end of lap 55. According to article 44.2 of the Sporting Regulations, in these circumstances the race is deemed to have finished the previous time the leader crossed the start-finish line.
- Lewis Hamilton is the only driver to have won back to back races here, in 2014 and 2015.
- Barrichello beat Button by just 1.035s in the inaugural 2004 race – which remains the closest winning margin of any Grand Prix in China
🇨🇳 WHY WE LOVE SHANGHAI
🇨🇳 CHINESE GP WINNERS AND POLESITTERS
|Year||Polesitter||Team On Pole||Winner||Winning Team|
|2004||Rubens Barrichello||Ferrari||Rubens Barrichello||Ferrari|
|2005||Fernando Alonso||Renault||Fernando Alonso||Renault|
|2006||Fernando Alonso||Renault||Michael Schumacher||Ferrari|
|2007||Lewis Hamilton||McLaren||Kimi Räikkönen||Ferrari|
|2008||Lewis Hamilton||McLaren||Lewis Hamilton||McLaren|
|2009||Sebastian Vettel||Red Bull||Sebastian Vettel||Red Bull|
|2010||Sebastian Vettel||Red Bull||Jenson Button||McLaren|
|2011||Sebastian Vettel||Red Bull||Lewis Hamilton||McLaren|
|2012||Nico Rosberg||Mercedes||Nico Rosberg||Mercedes|
|2013||Lewis Hamilton||Mercedes||Fernando Alonso||Ferrari|
|2014||Lewis Hamilton||Mercedes||Lewis Hamilton||Mercedes|
|2015||Lewis Hamilton||Mercedes||Lewis Hamilton||Mercedes|
|2016||Nico Rosberg||Mercedes||Nico Rosberg||Mercedes|
|2017||Lewis Hamilton||Mercedes||Lewis Hamilton||Mercedes|
|2018||Sebastian Vettel||Ferrari||Daniel Ricciardo||Red Bull|
|2019||Valtteri Bottas||Mercedes||Lewis Hamilton||Mercedes|